Research, Papers, and Literature Reviews

Culturally Relevant Classroom Management Strategies for American Indian Students (2004)
This study contrasted the perspectives of families of American Indian students on discipline issues to the typical classroom management practices of K-12 schools on two rural reservations.
~ University of Texas at El Paso | Helen Hammond

Reports and Publications

Behavioral Support Root Cause Analysis Workbook
~ New York University - Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development

School Discipline Data Indicators: A Guide for Districts and Schools (2017) 
National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education

Organizations, Agencies, and Associations

Equal Justice Society.jpg

Equal Justice Society is transforming the nation’s consciousness on race through law, social science, and the arts. Their legal strategy aims to broaden conceptions of present-day discrimination to include unconscious and structural bias by using social science, structural analysis, and real-life experience. EJS targets its advocacy efforts on school discipline, special education, and the school-to-prison pipeline, race-conscious remedies, and inequities in the criminal justice system. 

Recommended Reading

Discipline Strategies for the Classroom: Working with Students (2006)
~ Ruby K. Payne

It’s your classroom, here’s how to manage it for success. Whether you’re a beginning teacher or a seasoned vet, classroom discipline is an everyday issue that leads to stress or to satisfaction, depending on how the day goes. This powerful little guide will help you get a handle on your classroom management and you won’t have to take a leave of absence to learn how to do it. You’ll discover how to handle student bullies, perfectionists, entertainers and others; respond effectively to the various types of parenting; set rules and guidelines for behaviors and consequences; reduce inappropriate behaviors like harassment, cursing, threats, and more; recognize and control your use of “voice” to improve communication; dramatically improve student performance with one simple formula. In a concise and easy to use format, there’s something here for everyone. Some teachers will find the sections on dealing with individual students and their behaviors most helpful. Others will love the procedures for streamlining daily activities. Still others will appreciate the suggestions for giving students their own management tools. And beyond your particular area of interest, you’ll learn a proven system that works, not only with your classroom, but also with your school at large. It’s invaluable!

Eliminating Racial Profiling in School Discipline: Cultures in Conflict (2002)
Martha R. Bireda

Referrals, suspensions, and expulsions of African American students, especially males, are at an all-time high. However, as this book shows, culturally determined assumptions and friction over communication have a role to play in this as well. Eliminating Racial Profiling in School Discipline is designed to make readers aware of how cultural factors relate to the ways that discipline is meted out. Administrators and teachers will gain an understanding of how culturally conditioned beliefs and assumptions negatively influence student-teacher relationships. Ultimately, this book proposes a set of strategies to solve increased disciplinary referrals.